Christ’s Real Birth Date

Is Not December 25

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More Writings from David Deschesne

In the 1960’s Bible scholar, Adam Rutherford did an exhaustive study to show Christ’s birth date was in late September, rather than December 25th, as is traditionally celebrated today. This series of articles will attempt to provide the overview of his thesis both in my own words, as well as his and corroborating texts..


Part 1:  

The December 25th Hoax


By: David Deschesne,

Editor/Publisher, Fort Fairfield Journal, November 21, 2007, p. 9

Yahoshua (Jesus) the Christ was not born on December 25, as many Christians have been taught to believe. Scholarly research on the subject shows he was born on or around 1 Tishri on the Hebrew Calendar - the first day of the Hebrew Civil New year - which at that time, corresponded to about September 29 on the modern Julian Calendar.

Saturnalia - the original “Christmas”

The early church, in an attempt to convert the heathen and pagans “Christianized” the Roman pagan holiday of Saturnalia by celebrating Christ’s birth on that date.

“This festival on December 25th was in existence long centuries before Jesus was born. It was a pagan festival, to which a Christian terminology has been applied and most of our Christmas customs (nice though some of them have become) are of pagan origin. It was the old Babylonian Feast of Bacchus, the drunken Festival. In Rome, December 25th was the Feast of Saturn, and like the Babylonian feast from which it derived, was also a feast of unrestricted drunkenness. What is perhaps our commonest Christmas custom, the Christmas Tree, was just as common in pagan Egypt and Rome, but in Egypt it was a palm tree while in Rome it was a fir tree.”1

“Saturnalia was an ancient Roman festival held in December that contained many of the elements of pre-Christian paganism that later influenced modern Witchcraft/Wicca. The character known as the Lord of Misrule is one example. This particular mythos was to have more influence upon later European customs than perhaps any other. In the pre-Republican calendar the festival started on December 17 and usually ran for several days, ending on the Winter Solstice. Bonfires blazed during this time, and the celebration was marked by orgies, carnivals, transvestism, and gift giving. Masters and slaves changed places and the world was turned upside down for a short period. All of this was overseen by the Lord of Misrule...The person chosen to play the Lord of Misrule had to be a young attractive man, strong and virile. For thirty days prior to the festival he was allowed to indulge himself in any and all pleasures as he pleased. He was dressed in royal robes and treated like a king. The young man represented the god Saturn in whose honor the festival was originated...At the end of the festival he was slain upon the altar of Saturn by having his throat cut.”2

The Christmas Tree

“The Winter Solstice marks the shortest day of the year. In most Wiccan/Witchcraft traditions the theme of the Winter Solstice is linked to the rebirth/renewal of the sun. This is often personified as the Child of Promise. In the ancient mythos, the sun god is born at the Winter Solstice and dies at the time of the harvest season.

In many traditions of northern Europe this day is associated with the myth of the Holly King, who is slain by his brother the Oak King. From this point on the days become longer as the Wheel of the Year turns toward summer. In the traditional Wiccan mythos, the new sun god is born at the Winter Solstice. The period of the Winter Solstice is also known as Yule. Its symbols include the holly and the pine, the latter representing the evergreen that itself symbolizes the undying light of the sun. It has long been the custom to decorate a sacred tree at this time, an ancient custom recalling a time when Divinity was believed to dwell in trees.”3

Many Christians today have adopted the pagan practice of tree-worship while acknowledging the birth of Christ. That pagan practice, among others, was adopted by the early church in an effort to bring the heathen in and convert them. The heathen, however, have converted the Christians.

The Bible warns; "Hear ye the word which the Lord speaketh unto you, O house of Israel: Thus saith the Lord, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them. For the customs of the people are vain: for one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the ax. They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not.”4

For much greater depth on this subject, read The Origin of the Christmas Tree by David Deschesne 



1. Pyramidology Book II, ©1970 Adam Rutherford, p. 341

2. Encyclopedia of Wicca and Witchcraft, Raven Grimassi, ©2000 Llewellyn Publications, pp 312-313

3. ibid, p. 401.

4. Jeremiah 10:1-4














The Christmas Tree and Christian cross represent diametrically opposed religious beliefs. The cross represents everlasting life through Christ as our Savior, the tree is a phallus and represents the pagan rites of birth and renewal. Tree worship by pagans predates Christianity and has no place in Christian churches or practices. ffj file photo




Part 2: 

Birth Year; 2 B.C.


By: David Deschesne,

Editor/Publisher, Fort Fairfield Journal, December 5, 2007, p. 9 December 5, 2007, p. 9


It has been presumed by many that Anno Domini (A.D.) represents the year in which our Lord was born. However, there is no year “0” A.D., unlike our numerical system which goes:


-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5


The years in the B.C./A.D. system go like this:


2 B.C. 1 B.C. 1 A.D. 2 A.D.


The Anno Domini (A.D.) dating system dates back to around 525 A.D. where it was devised by a Roman monk named Dionysius Exiguus. It arose from his efforts to calculate the date of Easter. It was not adopted until the eighth century where Western Europe began operating under that system. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, even popes continued to date documents according to regnal years and AD only gradually became more common in Europe from the 11th to 14th centuries.1 In 1422, Portugal became the last Western European country to adopt the Anno Domini system.


As for the actual birth year of Christ, several prominent secular and church historians place it at 2 B.C. on our current Gregorian calendar.


Researcher, Adam Rutherford cites works done by Tertullian, one of the earliest Christian Fathers as stating the Roman emperor Augustus began his rule 41 years before Christ’s birth and died 15 years after Christ’s birth. Irenæus, who was born about a century after Christ’s crucifixion also confirms Tertullian’s account, according to Rutherford, as do works by Clement and Eusbius.2


Since all historical accounts indicate the reign of Augustus as starting in 43 B.C. (by our calendar), it follows that Christ was born in 2 B.C., which is 41 years afterward.


As a means of interlocking the dates, Tertullian also states Christ was born 28 years after the death of Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, who died in 30 B.C.


Historians wrongly attribute an eclipse in 4 B.C., noted by Josephus, as the date of King Herod’s death. But, if Herod died in 4 B.C., how could he have ordered the Martyr of the Innocents as described in Matthew, chapter 2?

Rutherford explains that Josephus was a historian, not an astronomer and did not normally log incidents of eclipses. However, a very significant eclipse did occur on the evening of December 29, 1 B.C. that does fit better with Josephus’ account of Herod’s death. Also, an account by Josephus of Herod’s near-death illness escalating at the time of the December eclipse shows Herod would have died shortly thereafter, around mid-January, 1 A.D.3 which does allow for him to have been alive at the time of Christ’s birth.



1. www.newadventorg/cathen/03738a.htm

2. Pyramidology Book II, ©1970 Adam Rutherford, pp. 309-311.

3. op cit. pp. 312-327.


Part 3:

Elizabeth & Mary


By: David Deschesne,

Editor/Publisher, Fort Fairfield Journal, December 5, 2007, p. 9 December 19, 2007, p. 9


In the story leading up to Christ’s inception, His mother-to-be, Mary, came to visit Elizabeth, the mother of John the Baptist. It is through this account, found in Luke, chapter 1, that we are able to more closely fix the date of the birth of Christ.

St. Luke indicates that Elizabeth’s husband was Zacharis and a priest of the course of Abia.1 While on duty, as a priest, he was visited by an angel and informed his wife was to have a son named John.2 After his obligations to the ministry ended, he departed to his house and he and Elizabeth conceived a child.

During Elizabeth’s sixth month of pregnancy, the angel Gabriele visited Mary, the virgin, and informed her she was going to give birth to Iesous3, which is the name of our Lord in Greek.4

During Elizabeth’s sixth month of pregnancy, Mary comes to her house to visit and stay with her, where she stayed for about three months.5 The story then goes on that Elizabeth gave birth to John and ultimately Mary gave birth, as well.

In order to fix the time of conception, one must look to the time of Zacharias’ ministry. At that time, the priests were divided into 24 classes6 and it is known that each class officiated at the Temple in turn for a week.7 If it is known at which time any one of the classes or courses officiated it is a simple matter to trace the times of the succession of courses backward or forward.

Researcher, Adam Rutherford has done the research on Zacharias; “The first day of the week of course began at the end of the Sabbath at sundown. From the Talmudic statements and Josephus we learn that the Temple at Jerusalem was destroyed by Titus on 5th August, A.D. 70 and that the 1st course of priests (that of Jehoiarib) had just taken office. The previous evening was the end of the Sabbath: so the datum line for our calculations is Saturday (Sabbath) 4th August, A.D. 70. The period of the course of Jehoiarib, the 1st course of priests, was from the evening of the 4th of August, A.D. 70 to the evening of the following Sabbath on 11th August. As we have seen, Jesus was born in the fall of 2 B.C. From St. Luke’s Gospel quoted above we note that John the Baptist was only five months older than Jesus, so he also was born in 2 B.C., but earlier in the year, in the Spring, hence the conception nine months before would take place in the summer of the previous year, 3 B.C. Now this conception just followed the end of Zacharias’ week of service in the Temple, i.e., with the end of the turn of duty of the course of Abia (Abijah), which was the 8th course. Reckoning from the above datum line, 4th August, A.D. 70 for the beginning of the week of duty of the 1st course, we find that the 8th course ended its turn and came off duty on 13th July, 3 B.C. Thus Zacharias returned home from the Temple at the end of the 2nd week of July, 3 B.C. and Elizabeth’s conception therefore would be in that weekend (13th-14th July) and the birth of John the Baptist would take place about 40 weeks later, in the weekend of 19th-20th April, 2 B.C., precisely at the Passover of that year.”8

The beginning of Elizabeth’s sixth month of pregnancy began in the fourth week of December, when Mary came to visit and conceived our Lord.

“The 40 weeks required from Mary’s conception in the beginning of the 4th week of December, 3 B.C., till the birth of Jesus would thus bring us to the beginning of the fifth week of September, 2 B.C., as the due date for Jesus’ birth; and the Monday of that week was September 29th in the evening of which the Hebrew New Year (1st Tisheri) and Feast of Trumpets began.”9

Using Zacharias’ ministry, Elizabeth’s pregnancy term and Mary’s visit at the start of her sixth month, this shows the conception of Christ in the first part of the last week of December and His birth occurring on or around September 29, 2.B.C. - which was also known as Rosh Hashanah - the 1st day of the Hebrew civil New Year - not December 25 as is commonly celebrated today.


1. Luke 1:5; I Chronicles 24:10

2. Luke 1:11-13

3. Luke 1:26-31

4. Iesous - 30F@ØH, Strong’s #2424

5. Luke 1:36-56

6. I Chronicles 24:7-19

7. Pyramidology, Book II, © 1970 Adam Rutherford, p. 335

8. op cit.

9. op cit., p. 336


Part 4:

The Magi and the Shepherds

By: David Deschesne

Editor/Publisher, Fort Fairfield Journal, January 2, 2008, p. 9

When the “wise men” from Matthew and the Shepherds from Luke show up on stage at the Christmas pageant every year, few stop to think that they come from different Gospels and different times.

The Shepherds show up at the manger on the night of the birth, but the “wise men” show up at a house much later.

The term “wise men” is derived from the Greek  magos, meaning a magician, oriental scientist, sorcerer.1

“The traditional account of the Magi, culled largely from Herodotus, is ‘that they were a Median race who acted as priests of the Persians, but whose persistence as a race is frequently attested and occasionally causes violent conflicts.’ They were priests of Zoroaster, giving their time largely to astrology, the interpretation of dreams, natural science and medicine.”2

The Shepherds of Luke 2 visited the newborn Christ while he was still lying in a manger.3 The word “babe” in that verse is translated from the Greek brephos, meaning “infant” or “newborn babe”4 while the wise men in Matthew came to their house, not a manger, and described the baby as a  paidion, meaning a “little child” or “young child”5

“The house (not the manger) in which the Magi found the infant Jesus points to the fact that this visit followed Jesus’ birth by a considerable interval, perhaps of months”6

King Herod gave the order to slay all male children two years of age and under shortly after the visit of the wise men, in order to kill Christ because he considered him a competing king.

“Seeing that the age limit for the slaughter was fixed in accordance with Jesus’ age, had he been under one year old at the time, the order would have been ‘one year and under,’ but the fact that the order was to slay all ‘of two years and under’ shows that Jesus was more than one year old, but under two years, when Herod gave the order soon after the visit of the Wise Men.”7

Herod was normally cruel, but not crazy or psychotic. That order could have only come from a “crazy” man - or one who is mentally deranged. Adam Rutherford has reviewed Josephus’ records (Antiq., XVII, vi, 1) to show that near the end of Herod’s life, he was suffering from a debilitating illness that would have caused him to become mildly psychotic just before his death. Since Herod died shortly after the close of 1 B.C., and Christ would have been around two years old at the time, the account of the Wise Men “forms a splendid interlocking chronological check, mutually confirming both the date of Jesus’ birth (in 2 B.C.) and that of the death of Herod the Great (nearly two years later).”8

As for the Shepherds in the fields coming to see the baby Jesus, “There is a saying of the Talmudists that the flocks were taken to the fields in March and brought back in November. This of course could only apply to the higher mountainous parts of Palestine. In many of the lower parts of the country the flocks were able to be in the fields all year round. The little town of Bethlehem itself is situated about 2,550 feet above sea level...One can realize therefore that the Bethlehem area was one of those districts where the sheep were brought in during the winter, and if this be correct, then according to the time of the movement of the sheep stated by the Talmudists, Jesus would not be born in the winter but sometime between March and November when the sheep were out in the fields at night. As Jesus was born in the fall of the year, we can eliminate the months from March to June and his birth therefore was between July and November.”9

As was shown in Part 3, in last issue of the Fort Fairfield Journal, that date was on or around September 29, 2 B.C.



1. Strong’s #3097

2. Peloubet’s Bible Dictionary, ©1925 John C. Winston Co., p. 379

3. Luke 2:16

4. Strong’s 1025

5. Strong’s 3813

6. The Wycliffe Bible Commentary, ©1962 Moody Press, p. 933

7. Adam Rutherford, Pryamidology, Book II, pp. 327-329

8. ibid

9. op cit, p. 333


Part 5: The Christ Angle

By: David Deschesne

The Great Pyramid in Egypt sits in the exact center of the entire earth’s geographical land mass. For example, the North-South meridian line is the longest land meridian, as is the East-West Latitude line from the Great Pyramid - dividing the earth’s terrain equally.

The Great Pyramid appears to be mentioned in the Bible, in the Book of Isaiah, as a sort of monument (translated “pillar” from the Hebrew Matstsebah) with a message that would be revealed some time after Isaiah’s time.

“In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD.

And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry unto the LORD because of the oppressors, and he shall send them a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them.” - Isaiah 19:19-20 KJV (also confirmed in the Catholic Bible, Rev. John P. O’Connell, Ed. ©1950 Catholic Press, Inc.)

The Great Pyramid does sit in the midst (middle) of the Land of Egypt, as well as on the border of “Upper” (desert) and “Lower” (lush greenery) Egypt.

A further corroboration is found in the Hebrew text. The Hebrew alphabet also serves as the Hebrew number system. The alpha-numerical values of all the Hebrew letters that are found in Isaiah 19:19-20 added together come to 5,449.

Using information found in the so-called “Enoch Circle” of the map room, a key which defines a Pyramid Inch is found. The Pyramid Inch is almost identical to the current British inch we use today.1 By measuring the height of the Great Pyramid from its base to its original summit platform (there was never a capstone placed on it), its height in Pyramid Inches also equals 5,449 - just as the Hebrew characters in the Isaiah verses total.

Another intriguing feature of the Great Pyramid is, when using the Pyramid Inch as equal to one year, a chronological chart is formed using the ascending and descending passageways which indicate the date of its construction , the time of the Israelite’s Exodus from Egypt, Christ’s birth date (Sept. 29, 2 B.C.), Christ’s death and resurrection, the start and finish of Paul’s ministry, World War I, the Great Depression, World War II and many other interesting dates (this is too complex a topic to go into detail in this short thesis, I recommend acquiring books on Pyramidology from Artisan Publishers, to those who are interested in further study).

At the point in the Ascending Passageway where Christ’s birth and death dates are encoded, the floor of the Queen’s Chamber connects with the birth date; and the expansion into the Grand Gallery, His resurrection date. These points form an angle that is 26° 18’ 9” also known as “The Christ Angle.” (click link for a jpg image)

When placed on the North face of the Great Pyramid, this angle of slope, when taken as a “rhumb line” (not a great circle arc) bearing north of true east, describes a direct route that passes successively over the Israelites’ crossing of the Sea of Reeds (Red Sea); through Bethlehem, and over the point where the Israelites crossed the Jordan. The two crossings define the beginning and ending of the children of Israel’s “wanderings,” after coming out of Egypt2 and also strictly defines Bethlehem as a very significant point, considering it was the birth place of Christ.

The Christ Angle serves to interlock Christ’s birth date and birth place, as well as the divine nature of the Great Pyramid, which was constructed over 2,000 years before Christ was born.


1.) Pyramid inch equals 1.001064 British inches, Pyramidology; Book I, ©1972 Adam Rutherford, p. 69.

2.) The Great Pyramid Decoded, ©2001 E. Raymond Capt, p. 81.



Part 6: Conclusion

By: David Deschesne

Yahoshua (Jesus) the Christ was not born on December 25, as we have been led by our traditions to believe.

“At the Council of Arles in 314, Constantine retained his own divine status by introducing the omnipotent God of the Christians as his personal sponsor. He then dealt with the anomalies of doctrine by replacing certain aspects of Christian ritual with the familiar pagan traditions of sun worship, together with other teachings of Syrian and Persian origin. In short, the new religion of the Roman church was constructed as a ‘hybrid’ to appease all influential factions. By this means, Constantine looked towards a common and unified ‘world’ religion - Catholic meaning universal - with himself at its head.” [emphasis in original]1

It was the adoption of these pagan practices of tree worship, Sun worship with the observance of the Saturnalia festival on December 25, and other pagan rituals involving holly, Yule logs and mistletoe that coalesced over the centuries into the traditions most Christians associate with Christ’s birth today.

“Thus it is clearly proved that our present Christmas Day is erroneous. This festival on December 25th was in existence long centuries before Jesus was born. It was a pagan festival, to which a Christian terminology has been applied and most of our Christian customs (nice though some of them have become) are of pagan origin. It was the old Babylonian Feast of Bacchus, the drunken festival. In Rome, December 25th was the Feast of Saturn, and like the Babylonian feast from which it was derived, was also a feast of unrestricted drunkenness. What is perhaps our commonest Christmas custom, the Christmas Tree, was just as common in pagan Egypt and Rome, but in Egypt it was a palm tree while in Rome it was a fir tree.”2

The early Pilgrims and Puritans who settled in what is now the United States didn’t celebrate Christmas’ traditions on December 25th because they understood the pagan origins. Instead, they treated it as just another work day. They also noted the fact that there was no Biblical authority for the date of Christ’s birth or for the celebration thereof.3

In all likelihood, Christ was born on September 29, 2 B.C., which was 1 Tisheri - the first day of the Hebrew civil year and also the Feast of Trumpets. Using Zacharias’ ministry, his wife, Elizabeth’s conception of John, the timing of Mary’s visit with Elizabeth, and the season in which the Shepherds who visited the young Child would have been in the fields to begin with, we find more evidence to support a late fall birth than a mid-winter one.

The most intriguing piece of evidence is that a chronology appears in the Great Pyramid of Egypt, which is mentioned in Isaiah 19, that seems to indicate a birth date for Christ at September 29, 2 B.C. - the 2 B.C. date is also corroborated by secular historians’ accounts of Christ in comparison to the reign of Augustus, Herod and Cleopatra.

The Great Pyramid was constructed around 2,500 years before Christ’s birth and was sealed up until 820 A.D. when the Arab, Caliph Al Mamoun found the entrance. Since the Great Pyramid seems to accurately indicate the birth, death and resurrection of Christ within its chronologically laid-out passageways, it has been concluded by some researchers that its design is of Divine origin.


1. Rule By Secrecy, ©2000 Jim Marrs, p. 354, citing Baigent, Leigh, and Lincoln.

2. Pyramidology, Book II, ©1970 Adam Rutherford, p. 341.

3. The Congregational Way, ©1966 Marion Starkey, pp. 34, 271



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